Terpenes are a class of organic compounds found in a wide variety of plants, including hemp. They are responsible for the distinct aromas and flavors of these plants, and have been found to have a variety of therapeutic properties. Terpenes are typically isolated through a process known as steam distillation, which involves heating the plant material to release the terpenes into the air as a vapor. The vapor is then condensed and collected, resulting in a concentrated terpene oil.
In recent years, terpenes have become extremely popular in a wide variety of products, including hemp-derived CBD products. This is due in part to the federal farm bill of 2018, which legalized hemp and made it possible for companies to extract and sell CBD from hemp. The legalization of hemp has also led to an increase in the study of terpenes, as researchers aim to understand the potential therapeutic benefits of these compounds. For example, some strains of hemp have been found to have higher levels of the terpene myrcene, which has been found to have sedative properties.
Popular cannabis strains such as Jack Herrer, Sour Diesel, Blue Unicorn, Hindu Kush, and Jet Fuel all have unique terpene profiles. For example, Jack Herrer is known for its high levels of the terpene limonene, which gives it a citrusy aroma and flavor. Sour Diesel, on the other hand, is known for its high levels of the terpene caryophyllene, which gives it a spicy, diesel-like aroma.
As the popularity of hemp-derived products continues to grow, the study of terpenes is becoming increasingly important. Scientists are beginning to understand the specific therapeutic properties of different terpenes, and how they interact with other compounds found in hemp. This knowledge can be used to create products that are tailored to specific needs and conditions.
It's important to note that most states permit the sale of hemp-derived THC products provided they are 0.3% THC by weight. However, some states such as Nebraska prohibit it under state law. As the laws and regulations surrounding hemp-derived products continue to evolve, it's important for consumers to understand the legal landscape in their state.
In conclusion, terpenes are a fascinating class of compounds found in a wide variety of plants, including hemp. They are responsible for the distinct aromas and flavors of these plants, and have been found to have a variety of therapeutic properties. With the legalization of hemp, terpenes are becoming a more studied science, and the unique terpene profiles of popular strains like Jack Herrer, Sour Diesel, Blue Unicorn, Hindu Kush, and Jet Fuel are becoming more well-known. As state laws and regulations continue to evolve, it's important for consumers to understand the legal landscape surrounding hemp-derived products containing terpenes in their state, and to be aware of the research being conducted on the therapeutic properties of these compounds.