A recent study published in JAMA Network Open examines the use of cannabis and other pain treatments among adults with chronic pain in US states with medical cannabis programs. This cross-sectional study surveyed a representative sample of adults aged 18 years or older with chronic pain who lived in the 36 states with active medical cannabis programs in March to April 2022.
Chronic pain is a common problem affecting millions of adults in the United States. It can be caused by a variety of conditions such as osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and neuropathic pain, and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. Traditional treatments for chronic pain often include medications such as prescription opioids and nonopioid analgesics, as well as nonpharmacologic therapies like physical therapy, meditation, and cognitive behavioral therapy.
The study found that 31% of adults with chronic pain have used cannabis to manage their pain at some point in time, with 25.9% having used it in the past 12 months and 23.2% having used it in the past 30 days.
The study also found that cannabis use can lead to a decrease in the use of other pain treatments. More than half of adults who used cannabis to manage their chronic pain reported that it led them to decrease the use of prescription opioids, prescription nonopioid analgesics, and over-the-counter pain medications.
It's important to note that while this study suggests that cannabis may be a useful addition to pain management plans, it's not a cure-all, and it is important to talk with a doctor before starting to use it. Medical cannabis, specifically hemp-derived THC products, may have potential as an alternative or supplement to traditional pain treatments, but it's not appropriate for everyone. Additionally, more research is needed to fully understand the risks and benefits of using medical cannabis for chronic pain.
It's important to consult with a licensed medical professional, such as a physician, to understand the applicable state laws and regulations, and to obtain the proper medical certification and advice on the use of medical cannabis for chronic pain management.